Thornless Honeylocust The thornless honeylocust (Gleditsia triacanthos) is native to North America. Not surprisingly, the same density and durability that makes black locust good for fence posts also makes it among the best firewood trees. All of us who live off of renewable energy have to know what are the best trees for firewood. Stacking your firewood inside a firewood shed that has an elevated floor, slatted sides and a roof to repel rain and snow is ideal, but if you don't have access to a firewood shed you can use a tarp to cover your wood. Where I grew up, there were plenty of trees. The answer depends to a large extent on what wood is available. I’ve seen it $300 a cord of hardwood compared to $225-$250 for a cord of softwood. No use wasting valuable time and energy when there might be an easier way. I’ll preface this by saying that wood from many trees can make quality firewood, and highlighting only the very best excludes some very usable trees. Of course, he’s gone now, but the trees are there, large and strong. For example in Western Australia, Jarrah and Wandoo are considered the best. I learned to be a steward of the land and not just a consumer. My great-grandfather used practically all the cedars on his farm to make fence posts, wooden gates and out buildings. Casuarinas too grow in impoverished soils, and are excellent for firewood. Oak, for example, is one of the absolute best options out there when building a fire. The best course of action, in my opinion, is to have some softwood split very small like four inches in diameter to use for kindling and hardwood to put on top to catch and continue to burn producing the best BTUs for your heating needs. Just as some types of wood aren’t suitable for making some products (it’s not a good idea to make a cutting board, for example, from softwoods such as pine or fir), some types of wood aren’t suitable for use as firewood. There were pines, oaks, hickory, red and silver maples and cedars. Depending on the efficiency of your wood burner and how much air you allow to get to the fire, you can have a bed of coals for a couple of days. As their “softwood” nickname implies, coniferous trees usually have softer, less-dense wood than deciduous trees, which have leaves, meaning softwoods provide less fuel for the fire and usually produce less heat. He had to move his syrup mill and sugar cane plot because of his crop rotation. Alder: The alder species is a quickly growing, nitrogen-fixing tree that offers quality wood for fuel. If heating with an indoor wood stove, frequent cleaning can prevent fire from starting in the pipe and burning your roof or home. The best trees for firewood tend to have several traits in common. In Australia, gums are known as ‘widow makers’ for the number of people killed sheltering under gum trees during storms. But all three have their advantages: As a general rule, most coniferous or “softwood” trees—the types of trees that have needles rather than leaves—are not well-suited for use as firewood. Thank you for choosing this service. Below we look at a few of the best tree species for coppice forestry practices. Oak trees are another very common tree in a lot of areas. From what I have experienced and was taught by my grandfather, one of the things you also have to consider is what type of wood will meet the particular need. Also, what constitutes the “best” firewood varies depending on its planned use. The answer depends on where you live and what you have available in your region of the world. Hawthorn -This wood burns slow and hot; it’s great for winter fires. Your email address will not be published. The thornless honeylocust is fast-growing, with an eventual height of 75 feet. It is capable of tackling light-duty smoothly and effectively.The saw has an … Wood that has not been seasoned for at least a year is often difficult to light and may keep going out. These species are becoming more uncommon. It is a great source of wood for firewood suppliers in Sydney.And, if you are growing this tree in the wrong area, you will lose it to frost. This way you have an easy-to-start fire which will continue to produce a long lasting heat and bed of coals for many hours. In South Australia, Victoria and southern NSW it is generally River Red … © 2021, Countryside - All Rights Reserved, Charcoal Uses: A New Look at an Old Medicinal, Choosing the Right Saw from the Top-Rated Chainsaws, The K.I.S.S. You can begin harvesting trees for firewood in the fifth year. There are more than 60,000 known species of trees in the world, according to a study conducted by the Botanical Gardens Conservation International (BGCI). They tend to be very dense hardwoods that burn hotter and longer because of that density. If you use firewood as the primary heat source for your house, you’ll want a high-quality wood that produces a lot of heat. The best firewood to produce fuel is firelogs, which are manufactured for this particular purpose. It is usually produced using two methods; using compressed sawdust or using both sawdust and paraffin (colorless and odorless wax derivable from petroleum, coal or oil shale that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms). In Tasmania, Brown Peppermint is considered best. Adjust the thermostat in each room to keep your family happy and comfortable. Is there a particular species in your region which makes the best trees for firewood? However, with so many different types of wood, learning which trees make good firewood can be a time-consuming and labor-intensive process. You’ll find it easy to light and split. These woods also tend to produce more sparks and smoke, which can spoil the mood that you want to generate by starting a nice, cozy wood fire. This meant replanting of trees when you’ve harvested for wood. That said, this wood is a little better than that of most coniferous trees because it doesn’t spark as much. I have created a table that presents several important burning characteristics for many species used in North America. Whether you burn wood in a fireplace, stove or furnace, good quality firewood is the key to convenience, efficiency and safety. #1 Recommendation: Oak Tree The best trees for firewood tend to have several traits in common. While properly seasoned firewood is a huge factor in how wood performs, there are other factors to consider. It’s hard to top the cozy feeling generated by the sight, sound and smell of a wood fire burning in the fireplace on a cold winter night, sending warmth through your house as the firewood crackles and the fire creates an ever-changing display of hypnotizing patterns that can entertain for hours on end. The firewood BTU rating charts below give a comparison between different firewood types. Though this tree may be readily available to a lot of people, it still needs some care when being burned. Required fields are marked *. Last year I cut 30 down of these large trees and wound up with 6 cords of stacked firewood , cut and split. It’s not that there's a shortage of fallen trees around the place. Firewood performance can differ from species to species. When using a tarp or other firewood cover, only cover the top 1/3 of the firewood stack. When interspaced throughout orchards, alder trees offer an abundant source of nitrogen to the system. I remember a website where the guy advocated planting poplar for firewood. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. However, we have found one year is not enough for hardwoods to produce the most efficient heat. The wood from these oak trees is prized for its strength and density, and that density makes it one of the best at producing heat. If you only use firewood a few times a year, you may want to go with dry softwood, like fir. Whether you’re cooking on a wood stove, heating the house with a wood burner or using a wood stove water heat exchange, not all wood is created equal for any given task on the homestead. To get the best out of your firewood it should be cut, split Firewood is too-often harvested unsustainably. I remember helping him plant the old section in new trees. The four most used tree species used for firewood in Australian homes, according to the EA’s Impact and Use of Firewood in Australia report, are: 1. If, on the other hand, your main interest is creating a fire to add ambience and atmosphere to a winter evening, you might be fine with a lower-quality wood. As you learned, the best chainsaw for firewood is an 18-inch machine because it’s one of the most versatile tools for this task. Direct sow seeds if you can, particularly oaks and hickories, as these trees send down a deep taproot which gets easily damaged if transplanted. It just generally burns poorly. Some people use a moisture meter to know when the right moisture level is reached. This can help you decide what the best firewood type is for your needs. The problem is that none of them are on my block, and I’m reluctant to spend $120 a pop every few weeks on a smallish load of poorly seasoned firewood. There is error while submitting your request. The species has a fairly limited range, growing in just a handful of states through the Appalachian Mountains and into Missouri and Arkansas, but it produces a strong, dense wood famous for making fence posts. Pine. Wattles are hardy, resistant to many of the ills besetting other farm trees, and are fast growers. (For more on saving time and effort splitting wood, see our Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters.) They grew all around us and he was careful about the age and location of the trees he harvested. https://www.hobbyfarms.com/the-best-and-worst-trees-for-firewood • Most good firewood species are frost- tolerant except Sugar Gum and Spotted Gum. A block of 100 trees planted in a 20m by 20m area would yield eight tonnes of wood, in areas with fertile soil and good rainfall. Aspen, basswood and willow trees all have very soft wood of generally poor quality for burning and producing heat. You may pay more per cord for hardwoods. You’ll find it easy to light and split. Firewood should be dried to10% to 20% moisture content for best performance. But to create a real wood fire, you’ll need firewood. The type of tree you use for burning can vary widely in heat content, burning characteristics, and overall quality. Please try again. In other areas, you’ll have a greater supply of softwoods. With that established, here are a handful of trees stand above all others when it comes to producing quality firewood. It takes less time to dry and has a wonderful fragrance which creates a lovely ambiance. This means you need to plant 100 trees each year for 10 years if you want to have self-sufficient heating. In some regions, you have an abundant supply of what’s called hardwood. River Red Gum (Eucalyptus camaldulensis 1.1 million tonnes) 2. 9. White Ash -Best burned seasoned, but will burn when green. Everyone seems to agree that seasoned wood will always out perform green or snag wood as it’s called. If you use wood as your main source of heat or power, you may want to try hardwoods. Your email address will not be published. Firewood is becoming a popular choice for home-heating. Casuarina cunninghamiana This is known in many parts of the world as the best firewood of all. For firewood you will ned a fast growing tree to get you up and running I would suggest Acacia mearnsii. He was a logger before he was married and logged, as well as farmed, most all his life. Box, Ironbark, and Redgum are frequently used. Ask the people know trees best and they’ll tell you not to grow trees for firewood. I discovered many 50 to 60 foot tall trees , straight with few limbs , and 12" to 15" and more at the base . With that size chainsaw, you can cut down average size trees and slice it up into useable firewood pieces without having to grab another tool. Rowan -This wood burns slowly with a consistent output of heat. It takes less time to dry and has a wonderful fragrance which creates a lovely ambiance. Oak, for example, is one of the … The … The moisture in green wood causes creosote to build up at an alarming rate. They tend to be very dense hardwoods that burn hotter and longer because of that density. One coniferous tree you probably don’t want to burn at all is hemlock, as it’s roughly akin to burning a rock. The down side of fir and other softwoods is they don’t burn as long as most hardwoods. Firewood BTU Ratings Charts for Common Tree Species. Notify me via e-mail if anyone answers my comment. The Best Types of Firewood Hardwood. Just last year some of his posts could still be seen along fence rows. Get the ultimate comforting heat. The Firewood Association of Australia Inc. is a not for profit association established in 2005 to represent the commercial firewood supply industry in all states of Australia. You staggered the plantings annually and could start cutting wood to burn after the first plantings were 5 years old. He cleared an area for it, removing the trees. Required fields are marked *. The MS 180 C-BE is a high tech gas-driven chainsaw. So you’ll need to make sure that it is really well seasoned before burning. Coppicing is a reproduction method where a tree is cut back periodically to stimulate new growth through dormant buds on the stump, or stool. The faster the creosote builds up in your chimney the more often you must clean out the stove and chimney. Some deciduous trees also don’t make good firewood. The need for a whole of industry representative body was highlighted during the development of the governments Voluntary Code of Practice for Firewood Suppliers. In many cases, living trees are taken for firewood. Grow trees for a list of other great reasons – fruit, nuts, shelter, habitat, erosion control, timber for posts etc – and you’ll always have enough firewood and kindling from the prunings and windfall branches and twigs. A large proportion of the energy generated from burning green firewood actually goes to evaporating the water held in the wood. what's the best way to plant trees for firewood? In South Australia, Victoria and southern NSW it is generally River Red Gum. It has a high heat output. My grandfather built his barn, hay barn, chicken coops, garage, most anything he needed from pine and oak. At five years old, most will still be a manageable height to cut down, but once they get a couple more years on them, you can be looking at a big felling operation and the cost of using a commercial forestry chainsaw and log splitter. You can certainly burn it, but the wood from coniferous trees also contains pitch and is notorious for creating creosote buildup when it burns. Thorn -This wood emits very little smoke. Gum tree comes in a lot of verities. Dry wood on the other hand produces a hot fire. In addition, Oak produces minimal smoke, does not spark significantly, creates excellent coals, and is … These will produce 10 cm logs in around 5 years. What they’re great for: Long, lingering fires with lots of coals, heating your house and fueling your stove. (And to help you avoid the risk of chimney fires, read how to manage and minimize creosote buildup in your chimney.). Eucalypts mostly grow very fast. Enough for the winter's burn. The wood of hemlock trees (not to be confused with the poisonous plant of the same name) features extremely hard knots that make the trees difficult to split into burnable logs. Softwoods, when properly stored, should be dry enough after one year to burn efficiently. Wet wood and pieces that are not the right size and shape for your wood burner can be frustrating, burn inefficiently and deposit creosote that can fuel a dangerous chimney fire. You can click on the different types of firewood in the chart to learn more about them. Our experts will call you on your preferred time. If you’re looking for the best homeowner chainsaw and the lightweight Stihl saw for firewood at the same time, then MS 180 is the perfect solution for you. So what makes the best trees for firewood? In 750 mm rainfall zone they will likely not live much longer than 8-10 years. If you only use firewood a few times a year, you may want to go with dry softwood, like fir. Words: Nadene Hall. Which trees you choose depends at least in part on their availability in your area, but if you secure a winter stockpile of oak, hickory, maple, ash or black locust firewood, you’ll be rewarded with many warm, smoke- and spark-free fires on cold winter evenings. A stove loaded with oak or tamarack at bedtime can still be going when you get up in the morning. If the wood you are using is wet, or green, the fire will smolder. The next year you cut the second bunch of trees and the first ones would start growing back from the roots, and so on. To help you avoid this, here are some tips to help with your firewood selection. Which is the Best Firewood for You? As a result, some trees make better firewood than others. I love pine wood as a fire starter. Check out CentralBoiler.com to see all the benefits of using an outdoor wood furnace! He lives on a farm in northern Wisconsin, where he cares for more than 100 apple trees and one 40-foot pear tree that should have been pruned long ago. As you can see, there’s plenty to consider when evaluating the best and worst types of firewood. In turn, these buds develop into sprouts or shoots, capable of growing firewood in just a few years, instead of the decades it takes to grow a tree … Seasoned wood looks dark, or gray when compared to green wood of the same kind. When you split it you will find it brittle with cracks running through each piece. Even if you get hemlock wood to the point where it can be burned, it produces sparks sure to discourage you from ever burning that type of wood again. J. Keeler Johnson is a writer, farmer, blogger and videographer with a passion for pruning trees. Softer woods like pine and aspen will burn through faster. The wood burns cleanly and readily without much splatter and crackling. It's stronger-wooded than other trees grown for firewood and is longer-lived. Of course acacia are not the best firewood but certainly good enough. Dead trees, both … This means you’ll have to feed the fire more frequently. Of course there are some facts which apply no matter where you live or what your wood needs are. White ash, sugar maple and birch trees also produce excellent firewood, albeit not quite as good as oak and hickory. Your email address will not be published. If you purchase your firewood, you want to be sure the wood you’re buying has been seasoned for at least a year and stored in a way which keeps the moisture from soaking back in every time it rains. The best-known firewoods are white and red oak trees. The problem was, he didn’t replant. In Tasmania, Brown Peppermint is considered best. Please share your experience with us. Some Like it Hot! 5 trees to the cord . If grown in the right environment, these trees can give the best quality wood for firewood. The hardwood is more dense, so you get a little more bang for your heating buck in the long run. Green firewood only gives off about 40% of the energy of dry firewood. For example in Western Australia, Jarrah and Wandoo are considered the best. Most hardwood trees are slow growing, making them much denser than softwoods, they’re darker in color, burn more slowly and are best for cooking and producing fires which are hotter and more intense. Wet wood causes the whole system to be inefficient. A Holistic Goal Allows Your Farm (Or Garden) To Work For Your Vision, Produce Profile: Consider Cheery Chamomile, Field Garlic & Wild Onions Are Flavorful Foraged Treats, Sew Your Own Fabric Pots For Starting Plants Indoors, Therapy Chickens Can Bring Calm To The Coop. Creosote can stick to the walls of your chimney and become a fire hazard. Otherwise, it won’t burn as slow and steady as most prefer. After all, if you’re going to put in the time to cut, split and properly store firewood, you want to know you’re being as efficient as possible. Some people say it doesn’t matter what kind of wood you burn in a wood burner as long as it is seasoned properly. There’s plenty to go around and still leave some for wildlife habitat. Which in turn makes a hot flue and a hot flue means much less creosote build up and more energy produced. (Once you’ve found trees you want to use, learn how to cut and store the wood.) There are few, and only small cedars on that farm now. Approach to How to Make Compost. Here is what the Firewood Association of Australia have to say on this topic: “The answer depends to a large extent on what wood is available. It will smolder and won’t put out much heat. It’s always important to remember the ideal moisture content of cured wood is below 20 percent in your split firewood. Closing Thoughts on My Best Chainsaws for Firewood Reviews. Beginning Farmer’s Guide to Log Splitters, manage and minimize creosote buildup in your chimney. The wood from the hickory family of trees, which includes pecan trees, is also very dense and prized for use as firewood, being of similar quality to oak. One lesser-known tree that makes great firewood is black locust. Use this handy calculator from Central Boiler to estimate, cost, financing and more! Your email address will not be published. Oak firewood is absolutely one of the best types of firewood you can burn. Please let us know a convenient time to call you on, (*All time slots are available in CDT zone.). Choosing the right kind of firewood is an important decision to ponder. While all trees are classified as a woody perinnial plant that grows taller from a single trunk or stem, they each have their own unique characteristics. Nut bearing trees like oak and hickory are hardwood and very desirable as firewood as they burn cleaner and longer. When interspaced throughout orchards, alder trees offer an abundant supply of softwoods which turn... The alder species is a huge factor in how wood performs, there were pines oaks... Or other firewood cover, only cover the top 1/3 of the ills other. 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