Practitioners believe that the dead can influence the living and must be treated with respect, awe, and kindness; they are consulted at all ceremonies.  In Santería, as in other Afro-Cuban religions, respect for elders and superiors is given great emphasis. The term "Santería" translates into English as the "way of the saints. Concepts from Spiritism increasingly filtered into Santería from the late 19th century onward.  A fourth Afro-Cuban religion is Arará, which derives from practices among the Ewe and Fon; Arará is sometimes considered a branch of Santería rather than a separate system altogether, although unlike most forms of Santería its origins are not primarily Yoruba.  Once an individual is possessed, they may be taken into an adjacent room where they are dressed in the ritual clothing pertaining to the possessing oricha, after which they are returned to the main room.  Practitioners believe that this creator divinity created the universe but takes little interest in human affairs.  Individuals approach the babalawo seeking guidance, often on financial matters, at which the diviner will consult Orula through the established divinatory method. , Santería has standards for behavior and moral edicts that practitioners are expected to live by, with the religion presenting strict rules regarding how to interact with other people and with the supernatural. Directed by Benny Mathews.  These casas are usually the personal home of a santero or santera.  In these instances, the spirit is believed to enter and inhabit the doll; some practitioners state that they can see the spirit within the doll. , In Santería, the concept of the casa ("house") refers not only to the physical building in which ceremonies take place, but also the community of practitioners who meet there. As well as being a Cuban religion that is less dogmatic and institutionalized than Catholicism. Santeria (Way of the Saints) is an Afro-Caribbean religion based on Yoruba beliefs and traditions, with some Roman Catholic elements added. , Santería places restrictions on the tasks that women are permitted to do while menstruating.  Santería also divides the spirits into categories which each show different traits, reflecting stereotypes about different social groups in Cuban society, with such spirits often portrayed as being African, Haitian, Gypsy, Arab, or Plains Indian. Simple Guide To The Traditions Of Palo Mayombe.  Adherents believe that older stones have more aché than younger ones.  The term toque links to both the verb tocar ("to play") as well as the noun toque ("rhythm").  Some practitioners have explained that animal sacrifice is used as an acceptable substitute to human sacrifice.  In the United States, the tradition has also been referred to as "La Religión Lucumí", a term originally employed in colonial-era Cuba, and in other instances has been called "Regla Lucumi", or simply "Lucumí", in reference to the colonial spanish designation of what are called the Yorùbá peoples in contemporary times.  As well as the santero or santera overseeing the initiation ceremony, the event may be attended by an oyubona ("one who witnesses"), who acts as a secondary godparent to the new initiate.  Many santeros and santeras oversee a healing ritual called the santiguo meaning "to bless" or "to heal by blessing"; this is particularly used for children. , Ascertaining the number of Santería practitioners is complicated by the fact that many individuals do not take part in its rituals but turn to its practitioners for assistance on matters of health and other practical issues.  The government's move away from the state atheism it previously espoused allowed Santería to leave behind the marginalisation it had faced, and throughout the 1990s Santería began to be practiced more openly in Cuba.  Babalawos provide ebbó offerings to Orula, including animal sacrifices and gifts of money.  According to practitioners, becoming possessed by an oricha requires an individual giving up their consciousness to the deity, and accordingly they often claim no memory of the events that occurred during the possession.  In turn, those visiting the babalawos pay them for their services.  It is sometimes referred to as la lengua de los orichas ("the language of the oricha"), and is regarded as a divine language through which practitioners can contact the oricha.  Practitioners refer to this oricha as one which "rules the head" of an individual; this entity is described as their "head" oricha, and the "owner of the head.  Many drummers avoid referring to the añá in public and may not refer to it by name. Model TOOL2. , The new initiate is given beaded necklaces, known as elekes, ilekes, or collares.  Some practitioners grow up in the religion, as the child of initiates, although others only approach the religion as an adult.  Also placed within the sopera, alongside the otanes, are a series of cowrie shells; usually 18 are added although the precise number differs depending on which oricha the sopera is devoted to.  Practitioners also believe that the number and identities of these spirits can be determined through divination. Please help! This song …  Each of these necklaces is given a different color associated with a specific deity.  The possessed will often speak in the Lucumí language.  Much orisha worship was rooted in localised tradition, however certain orisha were worshipped widely, due in part to the extent and influence of the Yoruba-led Oyo Empire. Email or Phone: Password: Forgot account?  Slavery was then active in Spain, and was also widespread in West Africa, where those captured in war or deemed guilty of severe crimes were commonly condemned to enslavement.  Lucumí texts and phrases derive from the Yoruba language, although they have become "increasingly fragmented and unintelligible" since the 19th century. , Afro-Cuban religion of Yoruba origin that developed in Cuba, "Santeria" redirects here. Daddy's gonna love one and all. Christian views of the religion have been largely negative, and in Cuba, there has been much opposition from the Roman Catholic clerical establishment over the centuries.  The 'godchildren' are expected to contribute both their labor and finances to religious events held at the casa and in return the santero/santera provides assistance for their needs. Sign Up.  They refer to their santero/santera as padrino (godfather) or madrina (godmother).  Oyá is a female warrior associated with wind, lightning, and death, and is viewed as the guardian of the cemetery.  This is done to rid the initiate of malevolent or harmful spirits of the dead which might have attached themselves. , The new initiate can finally take their tureen containing their otanes back to their home. Get Out!  The casa will typically have an igbodu ("sacred grove of the festival"), an inner room where the most important rituals take place.  The term oricha can be both singular and plural, because Lucumí, the ritual language of Santería, lacks plural markers for nouns.  When the International Afro-Caribbean Festival in Veracruz was launched in 1994, it showcased art and ritual by Mexican santeros, although this brought public protests from Catholic organisations, who regarded such rites as Satanic, and animal welfare groups who regarded the sacrifices as inhumane.  As evidence, he highlighted that some practitioners maintain that the oricha and the saints are distinct.  Orula is believed to oversee divination; once an individual is initiated as a babalawo they are given a pot containing various items, including palm nuts, which is believed to be the literal embodiment of Orula. , Practitioners will often conduct an ébbo with the hope of receiving something in return from the oricha.  Once there, they were divided into groups termed naciones (nations), often based on their West African port of embarkation rather than their own ethno-cultural background; those who were Yoruba speakers, as well as Arara and Ibo people, were commonly identified as the "Lucumí nation". Register now. Quick view. , Some practitioners whose approach to Santería is influenced by Espiritismo also create cloth dolls for deceased family members and spirit guides.  The most important of these were the cabildos de nación, associations modelled on Europe's cofradias which were sponsored by the Church and which the establishment regarded as a means of controlling the Afro-Cuban population. The ancient practice of Santeria should be respected.  The initiate is known as an iyabó or iyawó, a term meaning both "slave of the oricha" and "bride of the oricha".  Sometimes, divination is used to determine when a sacrifice should take place.  Three main divinatory techniques are employed in the religion: Obi, dilogún, and Ifá.  Mason recounted a sacrifice as part of an initiaton whereby a chick was slammed against a sink to kill it. , Birds are commonly used for the ritual, including guinea fowl, chickens, and doves. I would either burn the bottles whole, OR I would empty out the contents into a river or ocean or something like that -- moving water. , Adherents believe that each individual has a cuadro espiritual ("spiritual portrait" or "spiritual picture") of various egun who protect and bless them. A Christian testimony of a high priest Santeria voodoo practitioner and how he found Jesus.  Practitioners are concerned at the prospect of offending the oricha.  The religion maintains that all people have multiple spirits of the dead that accompany them at all times, and that these can be either benevolent, malevolent, or a mix of both.  Many gay male practitioners have expressed strong identification with Chango, a hyper-masculine oricha who nevertheless dressed as a woman to evade capture by his enemies in one of the myths about him.  At this point, the initiate's Lucumí ritual name will be revealed by the diviner; this is a praise name of the oricha which rules their head.  In Cuba it is sometimes described as "the national religion". What I really wanna know, ah baby.  In July 2003, Havana hosted the Eighth World Orisha Conference.  On the seventh day of the initiation, which is usually a market or church day in Cuba, the new initiate leaves the casa and visits the marketplace, where they make offerings to Eleguá and steals something small, also as an offering to Eleguá. Check out Santeria by Sublime on Amazon Music. "Santeria" is a song by Sublime on their third album, Sublime.The band Sublime has reggae, rock, and mexican influences.Many would say their largest influence is the Jamaican reggae artist Bob Marley.The song includes the bassline and pre-rhythm guitar riff from Sublime's earlier song "Lincoln Highway Dub" off the album Robbin' the Hood.This song tells the story of a jealous ex-boyfriend pursuing to reclaim … The men told investigators that they practice Santeria and the skulls were for a ritual.  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