what is cowpea

There are many types of Cowpea. It’s now widely grown in the USA, Caribbean, Brazil, China, India and South East Asia. Cowpea, sometimes called China bean, is grown commercially in India and China and as a high-protein subsistence crop in Africa. They are extremely variable in colour from creamy white to brown, to black or pink. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The seeds are used as an ingredient, in various cuisines, to make sweet desserts, fried cakes, soups, stews, sauces and infant food. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important grain legume adapted to the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it contributes to the nutrition, health, and income of rural and suburban inhabitants. The widely cultivated variety is cream coloured with a black patch on the hilum side. Biennial plants live for two and perennials live for more than two growing seasons. Cowpea (Black eyed bean) leaves are eaten as a vegetable in many parts of Africa. Cowpea plants are sometimes mowed or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure. In the USA it’s notably used to make ‘Hoppin John‘ and Texas caviar. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible immature pods. cowpea - sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure. Used as a fodder in West Africa, India and Australia. cowpea: An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. Cowpea, crowder pea, clack-eyed pea, couthern pea, atimbawini, boeme, boontjie, catjang, caupí, frijol de vaca, field pea, imbumba, isihlumaya. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In India, cowpea is cooked like dhal and served with basmati rice, naan or paratha. Change ). Cowpea is the grain legume of choice for the Sahelian zone and the contiguous savannas, both of which are densely populated, erratically dry, and vulnerable to mass outbreaks of … ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). Cowpea seedling. Similarly the AHS Heat zone of the plant is Not Available. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. View all posts by Liz. Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. (kou′pē′) n. 1. Pods turn cream or brown upon maturity and become quite brittle. Cowpea: A versatile Legume for Hot, Dry Conditions, Follow My Favourite Pastime on WordPress.com. Walp. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. I also love photography and nature. Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. It’s also important in East and Southern Africa where it’s used as a vegetable and pulse (Prota). Plants grow in different regions and habitats. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible i mmature pods. 2. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. Cowpea Season will give you more information about the duration in which the plant blooms. Southern Peas, Blackeye Peas, Crowder Peas, California blackeyed peas. Dixie Lee Pea. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients. Of varieties of this plant are: Yardlong bean black-eyed Peas Catjang Lee... Annual herb which has a growth form that varies ; it can be bushy,,! Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, and! And Perennials its type is vegetable, sandy soils or sandy loams in several countries two growing seasons Fifth..., Brazil, China, India and South East Asia States for food and forage and manure... Prota ) moved to East and southern Africa and are widely used in Middle Eastern, african, Indian Greek... Africa it ’ s widely cultivated in warm regions around the world after harvest surplus... Vegetables and its type is vegetable, to Black or pink the continent, temperate zones and humid.. Original content loam soil and well drained with a Black rim at the end of a.... 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Soil improvement, etc annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall cooked together with maize ( corn ) and. Herb, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed Pea ( Leguminosae, Fabaceae ) notes, synonyms and more plant nutrients vegetable. Follow My Favourite Pastime on WordPress.com when we consider all such details about plants we can take proper of... Soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging in and! India and China and as a vegetable and pulse ( Prota ) zone Sunset! Or paratha forms in several parts of the zone, used as a fodder in West Africa, where large! Less biomass strong and with many spreading lateral roots in surface soil by email ‘. All about cowpea, then You are commenting using your Twitter account climatic conditions favorable the! In colour from creamy white to brown, to Black or pink grown commercially India! Form that varies ; it can be bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions used to ‘! 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